In vitro fertilization (IVF) involves several medical procedures geared toward making a woman, who is otherwise unable to conceive a child, pregnant. Generally, a medical professional combines an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish; the embryo is then implanted into a woman’s body in hopes that her reproductive system will house the embryo just like in a traditional pregnancy. Unfortunately, IVF doesn’t always work; knowing what signs to look for may help you determine whether this procedure resulted in a successful pregnancy.
Initial Pregnancy Signs
You should watch for classic early pregnancy signs in the days and weeks that follow completion of the IVF procedure, according to the American Pregnancy Association. A successful pregnancy might be indicated through symptoms like swollen breasts, a missed period, fatigue and backaches; these are usually the first signs of pregnancy in most women.
Additional Pregnancy Symptoms
If you are pregnant thanks to IVF, you might start experiencing nausea and vomiting or “morning sickness” about two to eight weeks after implantation, according to the American Pregnancy Association. Pregnant women also tend to urinate more frequently; this might happen about six to eight weeks after your final IVF appointment.
Symptoms of Tubal Pregnancy
Unfortunately, your IVF may result in an embryo trapped in your fallopian tube; this is known as ectopic or tubal pregnancy. While the risk of an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage is not necessarily higher with IVF, you should pay special attention if you start suffering from severe adverse symptoms, according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Sharp and stabbing pelvic or abdominal pain, fainting, severe low back pain, unexpected vaginal bleeding and significant dizziness can indicate a medical emergency associated with ectopic pregnancy. Unfortunately, such pregnancies cannot safely continue and must be treated with surgery or medication.
Further Pregnancy Symptoms
By the time you experience these symptoms, you may already know that your IVF procedure resulted in a successful pregnancy. Other signs of pregnancy include darkened areolas, food cravings and headaches, according to the American Pregnancy Association. You may also start finding foods you previously enjoyed rather distasteful; this might be a sign that your future son or daughter is well on its way to birth.
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