Allergies can cause a variety of symptoms that cause discomfort. Airborne allergens often irritate your nostrils and sinuses. To minimize your symptoms, take certain precautions to help you avoid the substances that bring on allergy attacks and employ some helpful home remedies. Medical treatments may help with stubborn or severe symptoms.
According to the American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology, allergic rhinitis, often called hay fever, can lead to the development of rhinosinusitus. Rhinosinusitis is a condition that involves swelling of the tissue lining your sinus cavities and nasal passages. Inflammation of these tissues can lead to sinus headaches and sinus infections that may cause pain and pressure around your eyes, fever and nasal stuffiness.
Avoiding the substance or element that causes your allergy attack plays an important role in reducing the frequency and severity of attacks. Airborne allergens, such as pollen, smoke and dust, are common causes of sinus allergies. Steering clear of smoky rooms and dusty environments can help provide relief.
During an allergy attack, your body produces an inflammatory chemical called histamine. Antihistamines work by blocking the production of histamine. Antihistamines come in a variety of forms, including pills, liquids and nasal sprays. These products can help treat your runny nose and reduce your nasal swelling. Oral antihistamines may cause dry mouth and drowsiness, while antihistamine nasal sprays can lead to nasal burning, nosebleed, nausea, sore throat and sneezing. Decongestants can help relieve nasal and sinus congestion.
The American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology recommends rinsing your sinuses with a saline solution that can help remove allergens and other irritants. You can make your own sinus rinse by mixing 3 heaping tsp. of iodine-free salt with 1 rounded tsp. of baking soda. Combine a teaspoon of your salt-and-soda mixture with 8 oz. of lukewarm distilled water and insert the solution into your sinuses with a soft ear bulb syringe.
Seek medical care for recurrent or severe sinus allergies. Depending on your condition, your doctor may use corticosteroids or prescription antihistamines to relieve your symptoms.