The Side Effects of Clomid & Infertility

Clomid is the brand name of clomiphene, a drug that doctors prescribe to treat infertility in women and in men. Clomid stimulates hormones in your brain to get your ovaries to release one or several eggs each month. For men, Clomid prompts the pituitary gland to produce a hormone that tells the testicles to produce testosterone, which could produce more sperm. Clomid is generally well-tolerated, according to Drugs.com. Any side effects are usually mild and stop once you discontinue the drug.

Visual Disturbances

Clomid can cause visual symptoms, such as blurred vision or seeing spots or flashes before your eyes. If you experience visual side effects, you should take precaution before driving, warns Drugs.com. The more Clomid you take, the more pronounced the visual symptoms could be. When you discontinue the Clomid, the symptoms disappear.

Ovarian Enlargement

Ovarian enlargement, also called ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, or OHSS, produces enlarged ovaries and sometimes cysts. Early warning signs of OHSS are abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, distention, diarrhea and weight gain. Patients with polycystic ovary syndrome may be more prone to getting OHSS and should start with low doses of Clomid, according to Drugs.com.

Multiple Pregnancy

If you use Clomid, you have an increased chance of multiple pregnancy. This includes normal intrauterine pregnancies and tubal pregnancies, which are abnormal pregnancies in the Fallopian tube.

Other Side Effects

A variety of adverse effects occurs in less than 1 percent of patients. They are increased appetite, acute abdomen, constipation, rash, depression, diarrhea, dizziness, fatigue, hair loss, dry hair, increased desire to urinate, increased volume of urine, insomnia, vaginal dryness, vertigo, weight gain or loss, nervousness and light-headedness.

Possible Side Effects

Some people report adverse experiences while taking Clomid, but this could just be coincidence and not due to Clomid, according to Drugs.com. Some people have acne, allergies, migraines, seizure, stroke, eye pain, cataracts, loss of vision, chest pain, edema, hypertension, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, back pain, problems with the liver, fever and tinnitus.

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