The best skin care treatment can mean the difference between healthy, glowing skin and a dry, flaky disaster. Some ingredients and products can treat any skin issues you have, while others can inflame conditions. Knowing what to use and when and how to use it helps you achieve beautiful, clear skin.
Your skin, the largest organ, regenerates about every 27 days, according to the Cleveland Clinic. The 6 lbs. of water, lipids, proteins, chemicals and minerals that is your skin requires daily care to look and feel its best. Each of the three layers of skin needs consideration when choosing a skin care treatment routine. The outer layer, or epidermis, protects you. The middle layer, known as dermis, contains collagen, elastin, oil glands, hair follicles and blood vessels. The hypodermis, the deepest layer, stores fat and has sweat glands.
Some steps should always be included in a skin care routine. The Cleveland Clinic recommends washing your skin twice a day. This will remove dirt, prevent clogged pores, rid the skin of dead cells and clean off pollutants. Other steps to take daily include using toner, moisturizing and using sun protection. Toner removes any debris cleansing left behind. Moisturizers protect and nourish the skin. The sun damages the skin, contributing to aging signs, such as wrinkles.
Your skin type can help determine how you take care of your skin. Classified as oily, dry or combination, skin types let you know what products and ingredients to use and which ones to avoid. Skin types can change, however, with age, weather and hormones. Re-evaluate your skin type regularly and switch products as needed to address your particular needs.
A skin care treatment plan should include a few standards, as well as some specific choices for any problems you have. A cleanser, toner and moisturizer should make up the basics. The cleanser should contain mild ingredients and be free of alcohol, which can irritate the skin. Toners have different formulations to meet your skin care needs. Moisturizer should finish your routine to protect the skin. Those with skin care issues, such as rosacea or acne, may need special products to treat the conditions.
Look for specific ingredients based on your skin type and needs. For example, a wrinkle cream should include copper peptides, retinol and vitamin C, which reach the deeper layers of skin and help with many signs of aging. Those with dry skin should choose emollients, such as jojoba, to soothe and lock in moisture. Oily skin benefits from oil-free products. If you have oily skin, look for ingredients like aloe vera and witch hazel, and choose water-based lotions.