Seasonal allergies for babies can be difficult to diagnose, as they have not been alive long enough to develop a history of triggers; however, many babies are allergic. Typical triggers for seasonal allergies include pollen from many types of plants and freshly cut grass clippings during spring and summer. Symptoms include watery eyes, skin irritations and sneezing.
Hives, itchy red bumps that appear just under the skin, are common in baby allergies, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. When scratched, the lesions can break open and release fluid. Seasonal allergies are typical producers of hives in infants. The face, arms, hands, stomach and chest are the most common locations for hives. Once they appear, the rash generally only lasts a few hours and then disappears.
Watery eyes are another common symptom of seasonal allergies in babies. The eyes may also turn red or appear to be swollen at the lids and near the tear ducts. Allergic babies can also experience itching and redness in the eyes shortly after being exposed to a possible allergen.
Sneezing and congestion can be signs that an allergy is present. Parents often mistake these symptoms for a cold. Pollen from nearby plants and flowers as well as fur from pets shedding their winter coat can cause the allergies to flare. Treat congestion by placing a vaporizer in the baby’s room to keep air moist. Elevating one end of the crib, where the baby lays his head, will help reduce his congestion. Keeping the baby hydrated by offering plenty of fluids throughout the day will also help him breathe easier.
Asthma sufferers can experience serious seasonal allergic reactions that can quickly become life-threatening. If your baby is struggling to breathe or his lips or skin take on a bluish hue, seek immediate medical attention. Treatment for asthma caused by seasonal allergies includes preventative meds through a nebulizer machine that vaporizes liquid medication into steam that the baby breathes through a mask.
After checking with your pediatrician, treat allergy symptoms with an antihistamine designed for babies. Remove any common allergy triggers from your yard, including pollen-producing trees, flowers and bushes. Hire someone to cut the lawn and take your baby out while it is being done.