Vegetable gardens are typically associated with the summer months, but an indoor container garden allows you to enjoy fresh produce year-round. While the selection of vegetables is more limited, you can enjoy green beans, fingerling carrots, lettuce, herbs, peppers, tomatoes, radishes and dwarf versions of your favorite vegetables. Another option is to start your vegetable plants indoors from seeds and transplant them outdoors when the temperatures warm up. A sunny location within the home makes your vegetable garden grow better.
Prepare the pots by placing rocks in the bottom for drainage. Fill them with a lightweight potting soil, leaving about 3 inches below the top rim. Choose a location for the pots where they will receive direct sunlight without drafts. Placing the pots in a tray prevents water from running out if you add too much water.
Dig a hole in the dirt based on the specific instructions on the plant’s tag or seed package. Plants vary somewhat on the depth and size of hole necessary for proper growth. Add a small trellis to the pot if you are planting a vegetable that vines as it grows.
Drop the seed or place the starter plant into the hole. Cover it with additional potting soil, and water it well.
Add a water-soluble fertilizer to the plants. Read the fertilizer package directions for the correct proportions.
Leave the vegetable pots in the sunny location as they grow. Water the vegetables on a regular basis when you notice the soil getting dry without adding so much water it stands on top of the dirt.
Transplant the vegetables outdoors when the air and ground temperature is warm enough if you want to continue the garden outside.
Harvest the vegetables as they become ripe, whether you continue growing them indoors or outdoors.